Glossary

CJ (Corner Judge)

Referee who scores (1) 1 point for fist technique (2) 1 additional technical point for turning kick to the body (3) 3 points for kick to the head and (4) 4 points for turning kick to the head on the three (3) corners of the court.


CR (Center Referee)

Referee who officiates the match inside the court.


Charyeot

Verbal command used in competition or training: Attention.


Chung

Verbal command used in competition: Blue Contestant's Mark (Chung).


Chung-seung

Verbal command that Blue contestant won the match.


Contest area

The 8m x 8m area where the competition takes place.


Decisions of the match:

1. Win by Knock-out (KO) 2. Win by Referee Stops Contest (RSC) 3.Win by final score (PTF) 4.Win by point gap (PTG): point gap at the end of the second round or any time during the third round 5. Win by Sudden Death (SDP) 6. Win by superiority(SUP) 7.Win by with drawal (WDR) 8.Win by disqualification (DSQ) 9.Winby referee's punitive declaration (PUN).


Dobok

Taekwondo Uniform.


Duration of the contest

Three rounds of two minutes each with one-minute rest between rounds. In case of a tie score after the completion of the 3rd round, a 4th round of two minutes will be conducted as the sudden death overtime round after one minute rest period following the 3rd round. (Please refer to 'Sudden death round')


Gam-jeom

Verbal command used in competition: Deduction Penalty.


Hong

Verbal command in competition: Red Contestant's Mark (Hong).


Hong-seung

Verbal command that Red contestant won the match.


IVR (Instant Video Replay):

In case there is an objection to a judgment of the refereeing officials during the contest, the coach of the pertinent match can make a request to the Center Referee for an immediate review of the video replay. Each coach shall be allocated one appeal to request for an instant video replay per contest. If the appeal is successful and the contested point is corrected, the coach shall retain the appeal right for the pertinent contest. Throughout the tournament, each athlete will be allocated with 1 appeal quota. After completion of semi-finals and repechage, this quota will be reset and one (1) appeal quota will be allocated to all athletes who advance to either the finals or the bronze medal contests.


Joon-bi

Verbal command used in competition or training: Ready.


Kalyeo

Verbal command used in competition: Stop (to separate two contestants in a match).


Keu-man

Verbal command used in competition: another word for 'Stop' to finish the match.


Kyeong-rye

Verbal command used in competition or training: Bow or Salute.


Kye-sok

Verbal command used in competition: Continue.



Kye-shi

Verbal command used in competition: Injury Time Out.


Kyesu

Hand signal used in competition: 10-Second Counting (Hanah-1 / Dul : 2 / Set: 3 / Neht : 4 / Da-seot: 5 / Yeo-seot: 6 / Il-gop: 7 / Yeo-deol: 8 / A-hop: 9 / Yeol: 10).


Kyong-go

Verbal command used in competition: Warning Penalty Kyorugi / Sparring.


Olympic weight categories for taekwondo:

Four male (Under 58kg / Under 68kg / Under 80kg / Over 80kg) and four female weight categories (Under 49kg/ Under 57kg / Under 67kg / Over 67kg).


Permitted techniques and areas:

Fist techniques (a punch using the front part of the tightly clenched fist while stretching the striking arm) and foot techniques (kicks using any part of the foot below the ankle bone) / fist and foot techniques to the trunk (areas covered by the trunk protector except the part of the spine) and foot techniques to the head (area above the collar bone).


Points (Valid points):

The blue or red colored area of the body protector and the area above the collar bone (whole part of the head including both ears and the back of the head) / one point for a valid attack on the trunk protector; two points for a valid turning kick to the trunk protector; three points for a valid kick to the head; four points for a valid turning kick to the head / in case of using PSS, valid points scored on the mid-section of the trunk shall be recorded automatically by the transmitter in the PSS. In case of valid turning kick to the trunk protector, the 'valid point' shall be scored automatically by the transmitter in the PSS while the 'valid turn' shall be scored by the judges (corner judges) / Valid points to the head or attack by fist shall be recorded by judges using the electronic scoring instrument. As per valid turning kick on the head, the judges (corner judges) shall score 'valid points' and 'valid turn'.


PSS

Protector & Scoring System, formerly named Electronic Body Protector (EBP).


Referee's hand signals

Referee who officiates the match uses hand signals when he/ she gives verbal commands.


RJ (Review Jury)

Responsible for reviewing the video upon request from a coach for video review at the time of Instant Video Replay (IVR).


Shigan

Verbal command used in competition: Time Out.


Shi-jak

Verbal command used in competition: Begin.


Sudden death round

In the case that a contest advances to a 4th round, all scores and penalties awarded during the first three rounds shall be void, and the decision shall be made only by the result of the 4th round. In the 4th round, the first contestant to score a point shall be declared the winner. In the event that neither contestant has scored a point after the completion of the 4th round, the winner shall be decided by superiority as determined by the refereeing officials. The final decision shall be based on the criteria of superiority for the 4th round only.


WTF

World Taekwondo Federation.